Low muscle mass predicts poor outcomes in colon cancer surgery

New U of A study suggests interventions to help patients build muscle before surgery may improve their outcomes

Low muscle quality and quantity are predictive of poor outcomes in colon resection surgery, according to a new study published in JAMA Surgery. Carla Prado, a researcher in the University of Alberta’s Faculty of Agricultural, Life & Environmental Sciences, and her team followed 1,630 patients who received a diagnosis of Stage I to Stage III colon cancer. The…

Biomarkers could be used to screen blood for COVID-19

COVID-19 decreases the blood concentration levels of three metabolites and increases another

Biomarkers could be used to screen blood for COVID-19The concentration of specific metabolites in the blood could act as the foundation for a quick, inexpensive blood test that detects the presence of COVID-19 and which patients are at risk of becoming critically ill, according to a pan-Canadian study that included researchers from the University of Alberta. The study, led out of Western University, found…

Cougars respond to roads based on traffic, topography, time of day

New U of A research outlines factors that lead cougars to select habitats near roadways in Alberta

Cougars respond to roads based on traffic, topography, time of dayA study by University of Alberta biologists identifies three key factors for how cougars select habitats near roadways: traffic, topography and daylight. “Cougars will avoid roads if there is human activity or while there is daylight,” explained Mark Boyce, professor in the Department of Biological Sciences and Alberta Conservation Association chair in Fisheries and Wildlife. “However, cougars will select habitat near…

Edmonton-based startup teaching elementary students code

Local startup founded by U of A graduates teaches basics of programming in more than 30 Edmonton-area schools

Edmonton-based startup teaching elementary students codeU of A graduate students are teaching Edmonton elementary students how to write computer code for simple games and apps. The coding may be simple – just a few instructions enabling a computer to calculate whether it’s too cold for recess, for example – but the logic is the same as you find in more…

Soil fungi act like a support network for trees: study

U of A research is first to show that growth rate of adult trees is linked to fungal networks colonizing their roots

Soil fungi act like a support network for trees: studyBeing highly connected to a strong social network has its benefits. Now a new University of Alberta study is showing the same goes for trees, thanks to their underground neighbours. The study, published in the Journal of Ecology, is the first to show that the growth of adult trees is linked to their participation in fungal…

New treatment for blood cancer developed

U of A research sets the stage for imminent human trials of B-cell lymphoma treatment

New treatment for blood cancer developedScientists have identified the mechanism of action behind a new type of precision cancer drug for blood cancers that is set for human trials, according to research published recently in Nature Communications. The University of Alberta research team led by Luc Berthiaume, cell biology professor in the Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry, spent four years working to…

AI could offer big energy savings for office towers

U of A computing scientist Omid Ardakanian is working on software to make buildings more comfortable while cutting emissions, lowering costs

AI could offer big energy savings for office towersFor most of us, office cooling and heating systems are like wallpaper: you only really notice them if they catch fire. For Omid Ardakanian, office buildings offer potential energy savings on a skyscraper scale. “My obsession, if you want to call it that, comes from the sensors in these buildings,” said Ardakanian, a computing science professor…

Some vaccines should be mandatory but not COVID-19: expert

U of A health law professor Ubaka Ogbogu advises that policy-makers focus on clear information and ensuring equitable access to vaccines

Some vaccines should be mandatory but not COVID-19: expertCanada should have a mandatory vaccination policy for childhood infectious diseases where vaccines are freely available, but not for influenza or COVID-19, according to a University of Alberta health law expert. “I still encourage vaccination,” said Ubaka Ogbogu, a professor in the faculties of law and pharmacy and pharmaceutical sciences. “There’s no one-size-fits-all vaccination policy, and policy-makers have to…

Helping businesses harness the power of AI

Helping businesses harness the power of AIArtificial intelligence can do a lot to help businesses, but its dynamic, complex nature can also make it challenging to learn – which is where Stephanie Husby loves to step in. As a machine learning educator for the Alberta Machine Intelligence Institute (Amii), the University of Alberta graduate teaches the AI for Strategy and Management course, helping non-technical managers…

New app helps family doctors care for adults with disabilities

U of A specialist identified gaps in care as patients age, developed app on his own time to ‘make a difference’

New app helps family doctors care for adults with disabilitiesA University of Alberta family doctor has developed an app that he hopes will improve medical care for adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Kyle Sue, clinical assistant professor of developmental pediatrics in the Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry, built the app with the help of a friend to present family physicians with the best treatment…
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